Difference between Animal and Plant Protein | Which Kind of Protein Is Better
A conversation about protein in vegetables compared to meat between a vegetarian and a meat-eater is more like a conversation about religion or politics between two strangers, it rarely ends in a peaceful way.
On both sides, one can hear common myths and unfounded statements. However, if you play sports, the question of the best source of protein is especially pressing, and it is time to clarify it.
Plant Protein vs Animal Protein
Basically, we are talking about proteins of animal and plant origin. Some vegetarians are immediately mistaken about certain points related to dietary proteins. First, they are convinced that there is no difference between animal and plant protein. Secondly, some are naively convinced that the body will produce all the amino acids itself, “if it needs it.” Therefore, today I propose to talk about proteins.
The first and most important statement of scientists is that there are no proteins in nature at all that would be ideally absorbed by the human body. Everyone will have to agree with this: both vegetarians and meat-eaters.
Amino Acids Meat vs Plants
The whole problem lies in amino acids, of which various proteins are composed. There are more than 150 amino acids in nature. Their various variations, both in quantitative and qualitative composition, form such a wide variety of proteins, their specificity, and uniqueness.
If there were a protein ideal for the human body, then the ratio of these amino acids in it would be as follows: 1.0 (tryptophan): 3.5 (methionine): 5.5 (lysine).
Now let’s compare what we actually have in natural products:
- Proteins of animal meat – 1.0: 2.5: 8.5.
- Proteins of freshwater fish – 0.9: 2.8: 10.1.
- Chicken egg white – 1.6: 3.3: 6.9.
- Fresh milk protein – 1.5: 2.1: 7.4.
- Wheat grain protein – 1.2: 1.2: 2.5.
- Soy proteins – 1.0: 1.6: 6.3.
Is Plant Protein As Good As Animal: Calorie Content
The first thing we will encounter is calorie content. Meat eaters argue that meat consumption is more energy-efficient, and you will have to eat a lot of vegetables to have a positive calorie balance while exercising. Is it so?
Indeed, vegetables are lower in calories than meat, and you need to eat more to meet your protein needs. But, provided that you exercise in moderation, a vegetarian diet may well provide you with this. In addition, plant protein is better absorbed by the digestive system.
Do Vegetables Have More Protein than Meat
The next meat-eater argument usually goes like this: meat contains a whole protein that can support all bodily functions, but plant-based diets do not.
This statement is erroneous for one reason:
- The vegetarian diet is usually so varied that it contains all the essential amino acids. You can get complete proteins by combining different foods, such as brown rice and lentils.
Animal Protein vs Plant Protein Bodybuilding
The athlete should know more effective methods for obtaining plant proteins that are highly digestible and varied. When engaging in bodybuilding, you need to consume only the most highly effective plant proteins, in large quantities, many times a day. It seems that meat is rather a necessity. But they also need to use it correctly, adding vegetables to the diet to be sure of assimilating the right amount of protein.
Health Benefits Of Plant vs Animal Protein
Animal protein is completed because there are eight essential amino acids.
The benefits of choosing animal protein include:
- A small amount of food intake.
- Affordable and cost-effective.
Vegetable proteins contain fiber not found in animal proteins. Legumes and flaxseeds are excellent sources of dietary fiber. Fiber supports gut health, binds toxins to be flushed out of the body, and helps regulate blood sugar levels.
Plant proteins generally contain more vitamins, minerals, and other nutrients than animal proteins.
Also in plant products – the level of calories and fats is significantly lower.
How Does Our Body Process Animal Protein vs Plant Protein
All food goes into the stomach and then into the small intestine, where most of it is absorbed. What will not be absorbed in the intestines will leave the body naturally.
But the digestive efficiency in the human body is high. Animal proteins – 90-95%, and vegetable proteins – 80%.
Which Is Better Animal Or Plant Protein
If you’re going to skip animal protein altogether, you can always get your daily allowance with plant-based foods alone.
- Soy – 81% protein
- Pollen, although not entirely vegan, is plant-based and contains 25% to 40% protein;
- Kinva – 14% protein;
If you are just planning, or have already given up on animal foods altogether, know that there are many options to accomplish this.
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